Pride and Prejudice

by Malyanah Mahzan

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AUTHOR'S BIOGRAPHY

Pride and Prejudice was written by Jane Austen. She was born in Stevenson, England, in 1775, lived for the first twenty five years of her life. Her father, George Austen, was the rector of of local parish. She began to write this novel since her teens and completed the original manuscript, First Impression, for a year. A publisher rejected the manuscript and it was not until 1809 that Austen began the revisions that would bring it to its final form. Pride and Prejudice was published in January 1813, two years after Sense and Sensibility, her first novel, and it achieved a popularity that has endured to this day. Austen published four more novels: Mansfield Park, Emma, Northanger Abbey, and Persuasion. The last two were published in 1818, a year after her death.
During Austen's life, however, only her immediate family knew of her authorship of these novels. At one point, she wrote behind a door that creaked when visitors approached; this warning allowed her to hide manuscripts before anyone could enter. Though publishing anonymously prevented her from acquiring an authorial reputation, it also enabled her to preserve her privacy at a time when English society associated a female's entrance into the public sphere with a reprehensible loss of womanliness.
Socially division ideas of appropriate behavior for each gender factored into Austen's work as well. While social advancement for young men lay in the military, church, or law, the chief method of self-improvement for women was the acquisition of wealth. Women could only accomplish this goal through successful marriage, which explains the present of marriage as a goal and topic of conversation in Austen's writing. Though young women of Austen's day had more freedom to choose their husbands than in the early eighteenth century, practical considerations continued to limit their options.

SYNOPSIS

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Pride and Prejudice film
In this adaptation, the Bennet family consists of Mr. and Mrs. Bennet and their three daughters who are of marriageable age. Comfortably well–to–do, the family resides in the country, about 50 miles outside London. Mrs. Bennet is relentlessly and unremittingly obsessed with the (mostly justifiable) concern that, if her husband should predecease her, she will be ejected from her home — a fear stemming from the fact that, at that time, progenitor was the law of the land: property could only be inherited by a male heir. And as she and her husband have no sons — making the heir–apparent a cousin by the name of Mr. Collins — Mrs. Bennet frets that if none of her daughters marry prior to what she views as the imminent death of her husband, she will then have no home to go to, and would thus be left "on the parish" — a form of welfare.
The Bennet daughters are Jane, who romantically favors a wealthy young man new to their neighborhood, Mr. Bingley, whom Jane will come to marry; Elizabeth, sharp–eyed, –witted, and –tongued, who will eventually marry Mr. Darcy — a friend of Bingley's, Darcy is wealthy, aristocratic, arrogant, and somewhat forbidding; and Lydia, hasty and overtly flirtatious, who run away with a never–do–well army officer, Wickham. Darcy disapproves of Bingley's obvious infatuation with Jane, in part because of the less–than–desirable behavior exhibited by certain members of her family — in particular, her emotionally high–strung mother, and her unwise sister, Lydia. In order to remove Bingley from the dangers of an impulsive commitment, Darcy and Bingley's sister contrive to have him leave his country dwelling and go to London. Too quick to interpret Bingley's departure as his rejection of her, Jane lapses into a deep depression. Sensitive to the situation, and hoping to keep Jane within Bingley's social sphere, Mrs. Bennet arranges for her daughter to visit her aunt and uncle, who, not coincidentally, are based in London. As previously stated, the heir to the Bennet Estate, in the event of Mr. Bennet's death, is Mr. Collins — a sycophantic, obsequious, opportunistic clergyman. Still a bachelor, he is in the employ of the high–and–mighty Lady Catherine de Bourgh — who happens to be Darcy's aunt, and who abides by her long–asserted assumption that Darcy shall wed her daughter… Collins descends on the Bennet home for a short stay, principally to announce that his patroness, Lady Catherine, has urged him to marry. Knowing he has three very eligible and attractive cousins — Jane, Elizabeth, and Lydia — he intends to select one of them to be his wife. Ultimately, he proposes to Elizabeth who promptly rejects him! On the rebound, he then, instead, marries one of her friends — Charlotte Lucas. After the wedding, Elizabeth is invited to their home, and while there, is re–acquainted with Darcy; and she is introduced to the imperious Lady Catherine de Bourgh. Darcy finds he has been struck not only by Elizabeth's physical beauty, but also by her sharp intellect and witty observations, as well as the fact that she is not in the least intimidated by him. He proposes marriage to her — presented in such condescending, denigrating fashion that Elizabeth flatly refuses him, and proceeds to tell Darcy, in no uncertain terms, the reasons for her rejection! Meanwhile, Lydia has, by now, absconded with a penniless army officer, Wickham — an elopement that is the cause of great shame and disgrace to the Bennet family. Mr. Bennet pursues the errant Lydia and her suitor, and obliges them to marry — at the cost of paying off all of Wickham's outstanding debts, and, in addition, giving the couple the substantial sum of ten thousand pounds. Elizabeth discovers that the amount was actually paid by Darcy… largely the result of his overriding sense of guilt for not properly warning the Bennets about Wickham's past reprehensible behavior and dishonorable intentions, including an attempt to ensnare Darcy's own sister into an elopement — an event which Darcy narrowly managed to prevent. Upon learning of Darcy's extraordinary generosity, accomplished with the utmost discretion, Elizabeth's inclinations towards him change. Some time after Jane's return home from London, Bingley also returns to his manor house in the country; and when their affections for one another are reaffirmed, they announce their betrothal. And shortly thereafter, following a most unpleasant confrontation between Lady Catherine de Bourgh and Elizabeth — wherein Lady Catherine attempts, in vain, to force Elizabeth into agreeing she will refuse Darcy in any offers of marriage — Darcy once more approaches Elizabeth, expressing his ardent love for her; and this time… finally… his feelings for her are returned in kind!


BACKGROUND

Pride and Prejudice's manuscript was written between 1796 and 1797 in Steventone. The novel is basically shows the live of the middle classes and the upper classes. If we pay more attention to the book, one will realize that most of the characters don't work; they are mostly landowners. As previously stated, there are class distinction among the land classes, it determent by the amount of wealth own by the people. The class distinction in Jane's writing is very stubborn. For instance, Mr. Darcy looks down at those who don't possessed as much wealth as he does.Women during the late 1700s in England were largely restricted to the home and family. For the upper class women, their lives are only full of socializing in parties and publ ic ball. The ladies lived life of ease and leisure, mainly concern with society, children, and marriage. By the nineteenth century, arrange marriage no longer exist. Young girls get introduce into the society by their married relative. Therefore, a girl will “came out” only after her elder sister is married.

BOOK REVIEW

When I read the first paragraph of Pride and Prejudice, i can already tell that how Austen represents the tone of the story. It is so interesting how the way of Austen wrote this story that talks about love even though it is an old fashion way. It sounds romantic!. This shows how Austen wants to attach her readers to know what happened in the novel. Personally, I am absolutely into this book.
Pride and Prejudice, opens with a the line "It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of wife." This opening sentence express the opinion of Mrs. Bennet. Mrs. Bennet can basically tell that she is a foolish, nosy woman whose only goal in life is to see her daughters get married. Because of her low breeding and often unbecoming behavior, she often repels the very suitors whom she tries to attach for her daughters. During the time, the social classes are the most important matter of the society. For example, Mr. Darcy pride probably comes from his background. In this novel, we also can tell how Austen differentiate which social classes are they from.
My favorite character in the story is Mr. Darcy. The story itself is told from Elizabeth Bennet's point of view, which makes her to be a more sympathetic figure. However, Mr. Darcy's mysteriousness can bring out reader's curiosity. When Mr. Darcy first appear in the ball, my first impression of him are probably a very proud man. It is interesting for me to suddenly realized that Darcy's personality relate directly to the name of the book.
At the end of this novel, I finally realize what is the major theme that Austen represents to her readers. It is the importance of the effect of the young people character and morality, which shows that social status or wealth cannot be as an advantage. For example, Mr. and Mrs. Bennet have been blame for the unmoral judgment of Lydia. Moreover, Darcy could be educated carefully and morally but also proud and overbearing.


CONNECTION CORNER

bridget.jpgThere are many similarities between Pride and Prejudice and Bridget Jones's Diary. Most noticeably, in the male characters' last names as well as character traits (Fitzwilliam Darcy to Mark Darcy). The relationship of Daniel Cleaver to Mark Darcy parallels to the relationship of George Wickham to Fitzwilliam Darcy. Also noticeable are the similarities between Bridget's and Elizabeth Bennet's mother and father.



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Mr. Darcy's Daughters
, is a novel that is published in 2003 by Elizabeth Aston. The novel is mainly about the five daughters of Elizabeth Bennet and Fitzwilliam Dacy. The author focus on the five girls prospect of marriage. The five girls pay a visit to their cousin in London while their parents are gone. This book is not thought to be a directly the continue version of Pride and Prejudice although they have similar plot. None of the characters from Pride and Prejudice, including Elizabeth or Darcy are feature in this novel. The girls are mainly looking for a suitable husbands for them selves in the book.


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Bride and Prejudice are a film directed by Gurinder Chandra. It is a Bollywood style of Pride and Prejudice, and has a lot of elements that compacted to brief references. The connection between Bride and Prejudice and Pride and Prejudice is they are some characters that have the same name (Darcy), and some are changed slightly, but similar pronunciation (Lalita for Lizzy).